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Tag: emergencies

Posted 04/Mar/16 |
Panduan Drill dan Checklist; Man Overboard

  1. Release lifebuoy with light/smoke signal on same side man
    overboard, note ships position
  2. Call Master, inform Engine Room
  3. Sound Emergency alarm, sound three long blast on the whistle
  4. Place Main Engines on standby, engage hand steering, hoist “O”
  5. Post lookouts on Bridge and Focsle Head with binoculars
  6. Execute recovery manoeuvre, such as Williamson Turn
  7. Prepare rescue craft for launching, standby lifebuoy, heaving line
  8. Distribute portable GMDSS portable VHF radio to rescue craft
  9. Rig pilot ladder, scrambling net on leeward side
  10. Broadcast URGENCY message to ships in the vicinity

Other Actions:

Posted 03/03/16 |
Panduan Drill dan Checklist; Enclosed Space Rescue

  1. Sound Emergency Alarm
  2. Proceed enclosed space, don SCBA with oxygen analyser
  3. Deploy stretcher, first aid kit, blocks and  tackle
  4. If in port contact local Fire Department/ambulance
  5. Determine number of person(s) trapped, enter enclosed space by at least 2 persons with SCBA, oxygen analyser, walkie-talkie and stretcher (Neil Robertson type)
  6. Render first aid and Cardio-pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) if necessary. Consult Ship Captain’s Medical Guide

Other Actions:

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Posted 29/02/16 |
Panduan Drill dan Checklist; Oil  Spill – Pollution

  1. Sound Emergency Alarm
  2. Stop all transfer/bunkering operations, if caused by such,
    investigate root cause
  3. Deploy Shipboard Oil Pollution Emergency Plan (SOPEP)
  4. Alert shore authorities if in port, refer to SOPEP attachment
    contact list
  5. If leakage from tank, transfer to other tanks or ashore
  6. If spilled on deck, contain spill, commence mop up. If spill into water consider using Oil Spill Dispersant with Fast Rescue Craft
  7. Take fire precautions, standby Fire Fighting equipment
  8. Send initial report to the Company and Shore authorities as per SOPEP 2.4 and MSEM

Other Actions:

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Posted 28/02/16
Panduan Drill dan Checklist; Fire

The below team actions are not base on Engine Room Fire. In the case of Fire in the Engine Room, the roles of Team 1 and Team 2 are reversed, but the Team names and members composition remains unchanged.

  1. Stop Engines, if at sea
  2. Sound Emergency Alarm
  3. Assess class of fire, extinguishing agent, method of attack, and deploy. Each Team to have at least one member donned with SCBA set
  4. Commence boundary cooling
  5. Close down ventilation, shut fire dampers, close watertight doors, all doors and skylights
    Remove combustible materials from vicinity
  6. Maintain VHF watch on Channel 16, and 13 if appropriate, call for shore assistance if in port
  7. Exhibit lights/shapes and make any appropriate sound signals Switch on deck lightings at night
  8. If releasing CO2 into E/R, do head count first
  9. Prepare Inmarsat C format for automatic distress transmission
  10. Broadcast DISTRESS ALERT and MESSAGE if the ship is in grave and imminent danger and immediate assistance is required, otherwise broadcast an URGENCY message to ships in the vicinity.

Other Actions:

Posted 27/02/16
Panduan Drill dan Checklist; Bomb Threat

  1. Sound Emergency Alarm
  2. Refer to “Ship Security Procedure”
  3. Conduct Tool-box meeting with Team 1 and 2, describing details of threats and discuss search pattern
  4. Search Engine Room and all machinery spaces
  5. Search accommodation, store rooms, deck and cargo spaces, all remaining non-machinery spaces
  6. Contact Company, Charterer and Port Authority if in port
  7. Prepare Fire Fighting Equipment
  8. If suspicious package found or bomb identified, contact:
    – Company,
    – Charterer,
    – Port Authority, if in port,
    – Broadcast URGENCY message to ships in vicinity
    – If at sea, proceed to the nearest port and adhere to instructions from Port authority,
    – Activate Ship Security Alarm System (SSAS)
  9. Contain suspicious or identified bomb with sandbags if availably, or mattresses, and assemble all members farthest
  10. possible away from package, of ashore if in port.

Other Actions:

Perbaharui 26/02/16 |

1. Sebutkan tugas dan tanggung jawab anda dikapal (Nakhoda):
Secara ekplisit menyatakan bahwa tanggung jawab atas kapal hanya berada pada tangan nahkoda, tidak ada yang lain. Jadi apapun yang terjadi diatas kapal menjadi tanggung jawab nahkoda, kecuali perbuatan kriminal.
Kalau melihat hal tersebut di atas maka secara ringkas singkat tanggung jawab dari seorang nahkoda kapal adalah sebagai berikut :
1. Memperlengkapi kapalnya dengan sempurna
2. Mengawaki kapalnya secara layak sesuai prosedur/aturan
3. Membuat kapalnya layak laut (seaworthy)
4. Bertanggung jawab atas keselamatan pelayaran
5. Bertanggung jawab atas keselamatan para pelayar yang ada diatas kapalnya
6. Mematuhi perintah Pengusaha kapal selama tidak menyimpang dari peraturan perundang-undangan yang berlaku
Tugas Nahkoda kapal yang diatur oleh peraturan dan perundang-undangan yaitu :

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Perbarui, 25/02/16

Panduan Drill dan Checklist; Piracy, Terrorism

  1. Sound Emergency Alarm.
  2. Refer to “Ship Security Procedure” Take evasive action, zigzag course or increase speed.
  3. Sound whistle continuously, switch on deck lightings, train searchlights (if available) and Aldis lamps on attackers.
  4. Turn on fire hoses, direct at attackers with jets, cuts ropes of grappling hooks if used
    Use ship’s parachute rockets and hand flare against attackers.
  5. Lock all entrances to Accommodation and Engine Room except one for eventual crew retreat into accommodation.
  6. Once pirates boarded, retreat to the bridge, lock remaining door.
  7. Prepare Inmarsat C format for automatic distress transmission.
  8. Activate Ship Security Alarm System (SSAS).
  9. Broadcast DISTRESS ALERT and MESSAGE if the ship is in grave and imminent danger and immediate assistance is required, otherwise broadcast an URGENCY message to ships in the vicinity.
  10. If attackers armed and imminent threat to lives, surrender and give in to their demands.

Other Actions:

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  1. If oil spill on board, immediately report to officer on watch, call master/chief engineer.

  2. Stop bunkering, ballasting and cargo preparations, take precautions for inflammable gases and risk of fire.

  3. Alert the oil spill response team, identify the source of oil spill, if necessary use other emergency plan/checklist.

  4. Immediately call the company and brief the incident.

  5. Make oil pollution initial notifications immediately to appropriate shore authorities (coast state, port state, flag state) and local agent/charterer.

  6. Take steps to control oil spill and prevent oil escape overboard. Clean up oil on deck by all means.

  7. Take measures to prevent/control fire risk and prepare lifeboat and lifesaving equipment for emergency.

  8. Make oil spill report soonest to the company.

  9. Follow up status reports to shore authority as appropriate. All actions to be recorded in deck log book/official log book.

  10. Follow up status report to the company at 3 hourly intervals until crisis is over.

  11. Maintain all records of communication time OOW.


Java Sea 24/08/13

Di rangkum oleh Mas Edy

On shore, 3 February 2010


Emergencies can happen at any time, and the officer must be equipped to safeguard passengers and crew. After a collision or a grounding, the officer must be able to take initial action, perform damage assessment and control, and understand the procedures for rescuing persons from the sea, assisting ships in distress, and responding to any emergency which may arise in port.

The officer must understand distress signals and know the IMO Merchant Ship Search and Rescue Manual.

Cargo handling

The ship’s officer must be able to oversee the loading, stowage, securing and unloading of cargoes. Requirements include understanding the care of cargo during the voyage.

Of particular importance is knowledge of the effect of cargo including heavy lifts on the seaworthiness and stability of the ship. The officer must also understand safe handling, stowage and securing of cargoes, including cargoes that are dangerous, hazardous or harmful.

Controlling ship operations

The officer has special responsibilities to keep the ship, the people on board and the environment safe. This includes keeping the ship seaworthy during fire and loss of stability, and providing aid and maintaining safety during man overboard, abandoning ship, and medical emergencies.

Understanding ship’s stability, trim, stress, and the basics of ship’s construction is a key to keeping a ship seaworthy. Competencies include knowing what to do in cases of flooding and loss of buoyancy. Fire is also a constant concern. Knowing the classes and chemistry of fire, fire-fighting appliances, and systems prepares the officer to act fast in case of fire.

An officer must be expert in the use of survival craft and rescue boats, their launching appliances and arrangements, and their equipment including radio life-saving appliances, satellite EPIRBs, SARTs, immersion suits and thermal protective aids. It’s important to be expert in the techniques for survival at sea techniques in case it’s necessary to abandon ship.

Officers are trained to perform medical tasks and to follow instructions given by radio or obtained from guides. This training includes what to do in case of common shipboard accidents and illnesses.